Zits… at my age? By Norene Magnuson 
Zits… at my age?
Are you one of those adults who have a few acne breakouts every month around the time of your menstrual cycle? Do you ask yourself “why now, I never had acne as a kid.?” You may want to supplement with 50mg of zinc picolinate, also take one or two B100’s at this time. Acne around the mouth is typically hormonal and these two forms of supplements if taken daily will help decrease annoying breakouts. Acne products are very useful for killing bacteria on the skin which is essential for clear skin.

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Healthy skin...did you know? 
Healthy Hint

Want to look younger and reduce wrinkles?

Here are a few ideas on how to help your skin look better naturally: first, drink lots and lots of filtered water. Next, (you guessed it) eat lots of raw fruits, nuts and vegetables and reduce your intake of processed, packaged foods. You can also stop smoking and reduce your in take of alcohol and caffeine. As always, maintain a good exercise program and reduce your stress (or your facial reaction to stress!).

A few foods to look for that helps your skin are: any organic berries, almonds, olive oil, sardines, omega three oils like fish and flax, alfalfa, kelp, avocados and cucumber. When I eat these foods, especially avocados or the omega three oils from fish, I notice a visible reduction in wrinkles and eye puffiness the following day. Try it, it's a great experiment. Then take note when you eat processed snack foods before you go to bed (although we all don't do that, do we?!?). You will notice puffy eyes and a "hmm I don't look very good today" morning.

Nutrients and supplements to make sure you are getting enough of are: vitamins A/B/B12/C/D3/E, selenium, zinc, calcium, magnesium, grape seed extract, MSM (methylsufonyl methane), primrose oil and aloe vera. These are all great for your skin.

Your skin is a reflection of what is going on inside your body. Eat the foods the way God made them and your body will reward you with beautiful, young looking skin - now that's a motivator!

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Back acne do's and dont's by angela palmer 

Oily Skin Treatment
Body and back acne is triggered by the same factors as facial acne. However, there are some differences in treatment, especially when it comes to skin care. Knowing how to effectively care for body acne can help prevent breakouts and speed healing.

Difficulty: Easy
Here's How:
1. Choose a gentle cleanser. Traditional bar soaps may not be the best choice, as they can dry the skin and further irritate breakouts. Instead, use a mild, fragrance-free cleansing bar, such as Ivory or Dove. You may also get good results with an over-the-counter body wash made specifically for body acne.

2. Toss out your loofahs, body brushes, and body scrubs. Body acne can't be scrubbed away. In fact, you may be doing more harm than good. Vigorous scrubbing of the skin exacerbates inflammation of the follicles and can worsen breakouts. Your best choice is to carefully wash affected areas with a soft cloth, or with your hands.

3. Try baths instead of showers. Soaking in a warm bath loosens dead skin cells. The sloughing away of cellular debris helps keep the pores open and clear, reducing the chance of comedones. Some estheticians recommend putting a cup of Epsom or Dead Sea salt into the bath water to help heal inflamed lesions. Make sure the acne-effected areas remain submerged under the water for at least twenty minutes.

4. Apply acne creams or topical medications. Topical creams can help speed exfoliation and reduce the number of P. acnes, the bacteria responsible for acne breakouts. If your body acne is mild, you can purchase benzoyl peroxide lotions over the counter. Apply to dry skin twice daily. If your body acne is more advanced, talk to your doctor. He can decide help decide which topical medications will work best for you.

5. Wear loose, natural fiber clothing. Natural fibers, such as cotton, allow your skin to breathe. Avoid tight, constricting clothing and clothing that rubs against the skin. Stay away from scratchy materials, such as wool, as well. These materials may further irritate the skin.

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take your skin to the gym! 
Take your skin to the gym!

Do you know that one secret to youthful looking skin is to exercise your skin?
Since our skin is slightly acidic, if we wash our face with a medical grade “not store bought” face wash such as glycolic acid or salicylic acid we are stimulating dead skin cells to slough off and make fresh new cells. Once our skin makes fresh new cells, we not only have a glow we are actually increasing collagen which equals better elasticity.
Glycolic acid:
Studies have proven glycolic acid to be a very potent skin rejuvenator that begins to exfoliate almost immediately upon application. Because it is such a good exfoliant, some people worry that it might thin their skin. Rest assured, it isn’t cause for concern.
Glycolic acid, like any exfoliant, will thin the top layer of skin. That is why people who use glycolic acid notice a healthy new glow to their skin. With continued treatments, the epidermis will thicken, further restoring the skins appearance.

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What Causes Wrinkles? 
What Causes Wrinkles?

Normal Skin Layers
The skin is made up of 3 layers - the epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue.

The epidermis is the outer layer and functions as a barrier to the external environment. The cells of the epidermis, keratinocytes, move from the bottom layer of the epidermis to the top layer building up a large amount of keratin and developing a tough outer shell. Once these cells reach the top layer, they flake off. If this process becomes abnormal the skin can look scaly.

The second layer of skin is the dermis, which contains the structural elements of the skin, the connective tissue. There are various types of connective tissue with different functions. For example, collagen gives the skin its strength, proteins called glycosaminoglycans give the skin its turgor, and elastin fibers give the skin its elasticity or spring.

Dermal-Epidermal Junction
The junction between the dermis and the epidermis is an important structure. The dermal-epidermal junction interlocks forming fingerlike projections called rete ridges. The cells of the epidermis receive their nutrients from the blood vessels in the dermis. The rete ridges increase the surface area of the epidermis that is exposed to these blood vessels and the needed nutrients.

Subcutaneous Tissue
The bottom layer of skin is the subcutaneous tissue containing fat cells. These fat cells provide insulation to the body and make the skin look plump or full.

Chronological Aging and Wrinkles
As a person ages the epidermal cells become thinner and less sticky. The thinner cells make the skin look noticeably thinner. The decreased stickiness of the cells decreases the effectiveness of the barrier function allowing moisture to be released instead of being kept in the skin. This causes dryness. The number of epidermal cells decreases by 10% per decade and they divide more slowly as we age making the skin less able to repair itself quickly.
The effects of aging on the dermal layer are significant. Not only does the dermal layer thin, but also less collagen is produced, and the elastin fibers that provide elasticity wear out. These changes in the scaffolding of the skin cause the skin to wrinkle and sag. Also, sebaceous glands get bigger but produce less sebum, and the number of sweat glands decreases. Both of these changes lead to skin dryness.
The rete-ridges of the dermal-epidermal junction flatten out, making the skin more fragile and making it easier for the skin to shear. This process also decreases the amount of nutrients available to the epidermis by decreasing the surface area in contact with the dermis, also interfering with the skin's normal repair process.
In the subcutaneous layer the fat cells get smaller with age. This leads to more noticeable wrinkles and sagging, as the fat cells cannot "fill in" the damage from the other layers.

Aging Effects of the Sun and Wrinkles
Exposure to ultraviolet light, UVA or UVB, from sunlight accounts for 90% of the symptoms of premature skin aging. Most of the photoaging effects occur by age 20. The amount of damage to the skin caused by the sun is determined by the total lifetime amount of radiation exposure and the person's pigment protection.

Sunlight Effects on the Epidermis
Changes in the epidermis6 caused by the sun include thinning of the epidermis and the growth of skin lesions such as actinic keratoses, basal cell carcinomas, and squamous cell carcinomas8.

Sunlight Effects on the Dermis
In the dermis, sun effects cause collagen to break down at a higher rate than with just chronologic aging. Sunlight damages collagen fibers and causes the accumulation of abnormal elastin. When this sun-induced elastin accumulates, enzymes called metalloproteinases are produced in large quantities. Normally, metalloproteinases remodel sun-injured skin by manufacturing and reforming collagen. However, this process does not always work well and some of the metalloproteinases actually break down collagen. This results in the formation of disorganized collagen fibers known as solar scars. When the skin repeats this imperfect rebuilding process over and over wrinkles develop.

Free Radicals and Wrinkles
Free radicals are unstable oxygen molecules that have only one electron instead of two. Because electrons are found in pairs the molecule must scavenge other molecules for another electron. When the second molecule looses its electron to the first molecule, it must then find another electron repeating the process. This process can damage cell function and alter genetic material. Free radical damage causes wrinkles by activating the metalloproteinases that break down collagen. There are several factors that start this cascading process including exposure to even small amounts of UV radiation in sunlight, smoking, and exposure to air pollution.

Hormone Effects and Wrinkles
It is likely that there are skin changes as a result of the hormonal effects of menopause or decreased estrogen production. However, studies in humans have not documented which skin changes are specific to decreased estrogen and which skin changes are a result of sun exposure or just normal chronological aging. In animal experiments lack of estrogen can cause a decrease in collagen levels of 2% per year and a decrease in skin thickness of 1% per year.

Muscle Use and Wrinkles
Habitual facial expressions cause the skin to wrinkle as it looses elasticity. Frown lines between the eyebrows and crows feet radiating from the corners of the eyes develop as the tiny muscles in those areas permanently contract.

Gravity and Wrinkles
The effects of gravity make the loosening of the skin more apparent as skin sags more. This causes jowls and drooping eyelids.

From "What Causes Wrinkles" at www.PlasticSurgery.org

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